The Shearit Yisrael certifying organization, which subscribes to Minhag Chazon Ish, also buys from non-Jewish farmers in Israel, but labels the produce as such so that customers who keep Minhag Chazon Ish will treat these fruits and vegetables with appropriate sanctity. Reply, Shemittah Years However, Thiele's years for the first few kings of Judah has come under criticism as being one year too late, because of problems that appear in the reign of Ahaziah and Athaliah that Thiele never solved. Further, the reference of the Seder Olam to a Sabbatical year associated with Jehoiachin is in keeping with a Sabbatical year when the First Temple was burned a few years later, but the Seder Olam would be in conflict with itself if the phrase in chapter 30 was interpreted as saying that the burning was in a post-Sabbatical year. Next, he considered John Hyrcanus's siege of Ptolemy in the fortress of Dagon, which is described both in Josephus (Antiquities. For similar reasons, some authorities hold that if the Havdalah ceremony is performed using wine made from shevi'it grapes, the cup should be drunk completely and the candle should not be dipped into the wine to extinguish the flame as is normally done. [85] Wacholder had access to legal documents from the time of the Bar Kokhba revolt that were not available to Zuckermann. Remission of taxes under Alexander the Great for Sabbatical years. Release of slaves at beginning of the Sabbatical year 588/587 (Tishri 588). After the shemitah, Rabbi Jonathan Cahn reveals one more fundamental biblical mystery: the mystery of the jubilee, the year following the 7th shemitah. [92] According to the Geniza record, the earthquake occurred on 23 Shevat, 679 years after the destruction of the Second Temple; this is January 18, 749 CE in the Julian calendar. Members of the community pay the beth din, but this payment represents only a contribution for services, and not a purchase or sale of the food. The 50th year of the land, which is also a Shabbat of the land, is called "Yovel" in Hebrew, which is the origin of the Latin term "Jubilee", also meaning 50th. All the regular players are still in place, and distribution rolls along as usual. Personal debts are considered forgiven at sunset on 29 Elul. ?thanks When we bless God for our food, we draw the sanctity of the Land into our eating[40], All good and blessing are the life of Jewish people. Richard A. Parker and Waldo H. Dubberstein, The method described in the following table is based on, Andrew E. Steinmann, "When Did Herod the Great Reign?". The rabbis of the Talmud and later times interpreted the Shmita laws in various ways to ease the burden they created for farmers and the agricultural industry. Jehuda Felix suggests [6] that the land may have been farmed only 3 years in seven. were never applied all throughout the Second Temple period, but the Jubilee was being used during the period of the Second Temple in order to fix and sanctify thereby the Sabbatical year. If it is the same as the shabbat ha-arets (שבת הארץ) that was permitted to be eaten in a Sabbath year in Leviticus 25:6, then there is a ready explanation why there was no harvest: the second year, i.e. Karelitz's ruling was adopted first by the religious families of Bnei Brak and is popularly called Minhag Chazon Ish (the custom of the "Chazon Ish"). In a study the chronology of all Herod's reign, Andrew Steinmann presents arguments in favor of dating Herod's capture of Jerusalem in 10 Tishre of 37 BCE, i.e. Reply. silvestre), purslane (Portulaca oleracea), wild coriander (Coriandrum sativum), parsley growing alongside rivers (Apium graveolens), garden rocket growing in marshlands (Eruca sativa), sweet marjoram (Majorana syriaca), white-leaved savory (Micromeria fruticosa), and the like of such things. This is in keeping with the statement in Seder Olam chapter 30, properly translated as discussed above, that put the burning of the First Temple, as well as the Second, in the "latter part" of a Sabbatical year. Therefore, Isaiah was truly providing a sign to Hezekiah that God would save the city of Jerusalem, as explicitly stated, and not an injunction concerning the Sabbath (shmita) or jubilee (yovel) years, which are not mentioned at all in the passage. Yoram Tsafrir and Gideon Foerster, "The Dating of the 'Earthquake of the Sabbatical Year' of 749 C.E. However, this approach has not been universally accepted in the Orthodox community and has met with opposition, particularly from Haredi poskim (authorities of Jewish law). Rabbi Binyamin Mendelson advised them to sow this seed anyway, saying "The Almighty who causes wheat to sprout from good seed will bless your inferior seed as well," even though it was three months after neighboring villages had planted their fields. 2 Chronicles 17:7–9; cf. The World Trade Centre was conceived in the Shmita of 1945, begun in the Shmita of 1966, was dedicated in the Shmita of 1973 and destroyed in the Shmita of 2001. Plants inside a building are exempt. [2] A variety of laws also apply to the sale, consumption and disposal of shmita produce. The seventh year, during which the fields were to be left fallow (Leviticus 25:1-7) and debts released (Deuteronomy 15:1-11) [is called in] Hebrew Shemitah (“Release”). Israel captured the city of Jerusalem in the Six Day War and for the first time Jews pray at the holy wall in the city of their ancestors. "[81] The Seder Olam (ch. According to the Talmud, observance of the Sabbatical year is of high accord, and one who does not do so may not be allowed to be a witness in an Orthodox beth din (rabbinical court). This temporary solution to the impoverishment of the Jewish settlement in those days was later adopted by the Chief Rabbinate of Israelas a permanent edict… [30][31][32] Grapes that are on the vine can be taken, sufficient for his immediate needs, but they cannot be pressed in a winepress, but only in a small tub. Among those who have advocated an adjustment to Zuckermann's chronology, the most extensive studies in its favor have been those of Ben Zion Wacholder. Chapter 30 of the Seder Olam gives the year that both Temples were destroyed as be-motsae shevi'it (במוצאי שבעית). in Palestine", "Jeremiah 34 / Hebrew - English Bible / Mechon-Mamre", "Nehemiah 10 / Hebrew - English Bible / Mechon-Mamre", "2 Chronicles 36 / Hebrew Bible in English / Mechon-Mamre", "As Farmers and Fields Rest, a Land Grows Restless", "Leviticus 25 / Hebrew Bible in English / Mechon-Mamre", "Israel looks to Cyprus as Jewish law orders land to remain fallow", Shemittah | Shmita | Get ready for Shemittah Year 5768, "Israel's Top Court Backs Loophole in Farming Law", "Shmita Revolution: The Reclamation and Reinvention of the Sabbatical Year", "Genesis, Covenant, Jubilee, Shmitah and the Land Ethic", "As shmita ends, gardeners gear up for hard work", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Shmita&oldid=992717242, Hebrew words and phrases in the Hebrew Bible, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2014, Wikipedia articles needing rewrite from October 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. "If you lost your property, your ancestral home, your inheritance, your father's possession, your land, in the year of Jubilee, you got it back," Cahn says. While naturally growing produce such as grapes growing on existing vines can be harvested, it cannot be sold or used for commercial purposes; it must be given away or consumed. The issue of secular courts ordering the rabbinate to rule in particular ways on religious matters aroused a debate within the Knesset. [30] It is not permitted to make merchandise of Seventh Year produce. Young presents a linguistic argument against this interpretation, as follows: Others have imagined that Isa 37:30 and its parallel in 2 Kgs 19:29 refer to a Sabbatical year followed by a Jubilee year, since the prophecy speaks of two years in succession in which there would be no harvest. All debts, except those of foreigners, were to be remitted. The arguments of Wacholder and others to support the calendar one year later than that of Zuckermann are rather technical and will not be presented here, except for two items to which Zuckermann, Wacholder, and other scholars have given great weight: 1) the date of Herod's capture of Jerusalem from Antigonus, and 2) the testimony of the Seder Olam relating the destruction of the Second Temple to a Sabbatical year. The Israel Supreme Court, however, ordered the Chief Rabbinate to rescind its ruling and to devise a single national ruling. Households only have to perform biur on produce they receive before the biur time, not on produce they receive after it.[24]. Accordingly, wine made from grapes grown in the land of Israel during the Shmita year is subject to the full strictures of Shmita. In Israel, the Chief Rabbinate obtains permission from all farmers who wish to have their land sold. [5] It is also debated how the biblical seventh fallow year would fit in with, for example Assyrian practice of a four-year cycle and crop rotation, and whether the one year in seven was an extra fallow year. Biur only applies to produce that has shevi'it sanctity. As the Flood occurred in the middle of the millennium the Day of Release would be in the middle of the year. [44] In 2000, Sefardic Chief Rabbi Eliyahu Bakshi-Doron withdrew religious certification of the validity of permits for the sale of land to non-Jews during the Shmita year following protests against his endorsement of the leniency by members of the Haredi community. The next event to be treated was Antiochus Eupator's siege of the fortress Beth-zur (Ant. 623/622 BCE would therefore also have been a Sabbatical year. Produce grown during the sixth year, to which the laws of the seventh year do not apply. Sarna, "Zedekiah's Emancipation", 144-145. Reply, Sabbatical Year Initially, Israel kept to the provisions of the shemitah year, but for the 490 years prior to the Babylonian captivity they had neglected to do so, thereby ignoring 70 shemitah years.During that time they had drifted away from the worship of God altogether, following the religions of their pagan neighbors instead. The 42 Sabbatical cycles would make six Jubilee cycles, so it was also a Jubilee year. Ben Zion Wacholder, "The Calendar of Sabbatical Cycles During the Second Temple and the Early Rabbinic Period". The next Shmita falls in the Jewish year 5782, which begins on Sept. 7, 2021. There are explicit mentions of a Sabbatical year found in Josephus, 1 Maccabees, and in various legal contracts from the time of Simon bar Kokhba. The Shemitah is the seventh year in a seven-year cycle described in the Old Testament. Destruction of Jerusalem in the latter part (. A sabbath (shmita) year is mentioned several times in the Hebrew Bible by name or by its pattern of six years of activity and one of rest: The 2 Kings passage (and its parallel in Isaiah 37:30) refers to a sabbath (shmita) year followed by a jubilee (yovel) year. the year starting in the fall of 700 BCE, was a Sabbath year, after which normal sowing and reaping resumed in the third year, as stated in the text. God may bring a financial collapse, a famine, infrastructure stoppage or other "shaking" in this 2015 period because it is a shemitah year just as he did in the last two shemitahs of 2001 and 2008. Under an otzar beit din, a community rabbinical court supervises harvesting by hiring workers to harvest, store, and distribute food to the community. [35] They permitted, however, to pick the fruits of trees that grow of themselves during the Seventh Year, for one's immediate needs, and to gather such vegetables and herbs that are not normally planted by man, such as wild rue (Ruta chalepensis), either wild asparagus (Asparagus aphyllus) or amaranth (Amaranthus blitum var. Some authorities hold that Hannukah candles cannot be made from shevi'it oils because the light of Channukah candles is not supposed to be used for personal use, while Shabbat candles can be because their light can be used for personal use. Such devices represent examples of flexibility within the Halakhic system. This Talmudic device was revived in modern times as an alternative to the heter mechira.[24]. The statement of the Seder Olam in this regard is repeated in the Tosefta (Taanit 3:9), the Jerusalem Talmud (Ta'anit 4:5), and three times in the Babylonian Talmud (Arakin 11b, Arakin 12a, Ta'anit 29a). Thus, the fields can be farmed with certain restrictions. [30][31] These restrictions are implied by the biblical verse, "You are not to reap the aftergrowth of your harvest, nor gather the grapes of your untended vines" (Leviticus 25:5), and by the supportive verse, "In the Seventh Year you must let it (i.e. [75] A fuller discussion of the reasons that the Jubilee cycle was 49 years can be found in the Jubilee article, where it is pointed out that the known chronological methods of the Talmuds and the Seder Olam were incapable of correctly calculating the time between Josiah's 18th year and the 25th year of the captivity of Jehoiachin, indicating that these remembrances of Jubilees were historical, not contrived. Lev 25:6 ASV: "6 And the sabbath of the land shall be for food for you; for thee, and for thy servant and for thy maid, and for thy hired servant and for thy stranger, who sojourn with thee.". Moreover, the laws governing the Jubilee (e.g. Unfortunately, this was not done, either by Zuckermann,[94] Wacholder,[95] or Finegan,[96] when citing the Seder Olam's testimony as decisive for their particular calendars of Sabbatical years. [3], Chapter 25 of the Book of Leviticus promises bountiful harvests to those who observe the shmita, and describes its observance as a test of religious faith. Do the same with your vineyard and olive grove" (Exodus 23:11). [39], The laws governing Aftergrowths apply only to crops grown in the Land of Israel.[32]. The year 588/587 BCE was also the year that Jerusalem fell to the Babylonians, consistent with the Babylonian records for the reign of Amel-Marduk and the Scriptural data regarding Jehoiachin and Zedekiah. Jose was a young man when the Romans destroyed Jerusalem and burned the Temple. So the next Sabbatical year would be 2015. What is the last day of this Sabbatical year? According to Cahn, the timeframe to watch is the 09/25/2014 to 09/13/2015, the next shemitah. Under this plan, the land would belong to the non-Jew temporarily, and revert to Jewish ownership when the year was over. [97] This recent study argues that a comparative study of the word motsae (literally, "goings-out") does not support any sense of "after" ("after a Sabbatical year"). Ex. Holy air of Eretz Israel; Rashi teaches that all Jewish people can say that God has done the Creation and has stated ha'Aretz as gift to Israel: if Nations want to take this Land we must teach that in past time all World was "Reign of Kushit" in fact "now all Eretz Israel is in the hand of Jewish people.". Recital of Deuteronomy 7:15 by Agrippa I in a post-Sabbatical year, making the Sabbatical year 41/42. The Shemitah year is the 7th year of rest. ; (Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, 1996), paragraph 1771. Needless to say, the spiritual and hallowed nature of this special year is applicable and pertinent worldwide. However, the rabbis of the Mishna and Jerusalem Talmud imposed rabbinic ordinances on harvesters to ensure an orderly and equitable process and to prevent a few individuals from taking everything. Therefore, it would seem necessary to closely examine the phrase in the original Hebrew when making chronological decisions. 24) mentioned a Jubilee in Josiah's 18th year, 623/622 BCE. This opinion is now called Minhag Yerushalayim "the custom of Jerusalem", and was adopted by many Haredi families, by British Mandate Palestine, and by the Chief Rabbinate of Israel.[24]. In Lev 25:5 the reaping of the ספיח is forbidden during a Sabbatical year. This was the sense adopted by Zuckermann when citing the Seder Olam as supportive of his calendar of Sabbatical years. The seven years are counted in the cycle of fifty culminating in the Jubilee [see below] and are known by tradition. The law does not apply to land in the Diaspora. In halakha (Jewish law), produce of the Seventh Year that is subject to the laws of Shmita is called sheviit. The proper understanding of the passage is that the harvest of the first year had been destroyed by the Assyrians, and the defeat of the Assyrian army came too late in the year to allow sowing that year. Sabbatical Year. The heter mechira (leniency of sale), developed for the Shmita year of 1888–1889, permitted Jewish farmers to sell their land to non-Jews so that they could continue to work the land as usual during Shmita. Thousands of years ago, before Israel first became a nation in the Middle East, while they were still in the wilderness of Sinai a… This is 294 years, or 42 Sabbatical cycles, before Ezekiel's Jubilee. [33], When certain farmers began to secretly sow their fields during the Seventh Year and to harvest what they had planted, and to cover-up their action by saying that such produce was a mere aftergrowth from last year's planting, the Sages of Israel were compelled to enact restrictions on Seventh Year produce and to forbid all aftergrowths (Hebrew: ספיחין‎) of grain, legumes and those vegetables which are usually planted by mankind, in order to put an end to their deception. Whatever the exact meaning is for this word, its use in Isaiah's prophecy and its prohibition in Lev 25:5 means that the first year of the Isaiah and Second Kings passages could not have been a Sabbatical year. While the 49th year is also a Sabbatical year, the fiftieth year is not the 1st year in a new seven-year cycle, but rather is the Jubilee. Therefore, in 2003, an article by Rodger Young showed that the texts that Thiele could not reconcile were in harmony when it was assumed that Solomon died before Tishri 1 in the (Nisan-based) year in which the kingdom divided, rather than in the half-year after Tishri 1 as assumed, without explanation, by Thiele. Shmita ve-Yovel 10:7), during the Second Temple period, the seven-year cycle which repeated itself every seven years was actually dependent upon the fixation of the Jubilee, or the fiftieth year, which year temporarily broke off the counting of the seven-year cycle. The event of the gift of the Torah at Mount Sinai involved the whole world, in fact even the angels and other nations were witnesses or spectators of this miraculous event. During the period when the Jubilee year was commemorated it was not a part of the seven year Shmittah cycle. For this reason, it does not apply to produce grown under the heter mechira for those who accept it. The Seder Olam uses the same phrase regarding a Sabbatical year for the destruction of both Temples, so that its testimony in this regard is important for dating the shemitot in both pre-exilic and post-exilic times. But every seventh Shemitah ushered in a "Super Shemitah" known as the Year of Jubilee. The village was one of the few who refrained from working the land that year. After ruling in favor of Minhag Yerushalayim, that the biblical prohibition consists of not cultivating the land owned by Jews ("your land", Exodus 23:10), Rabbi Spektor devised a mechanism by which the land could be sold to a non-Jew for the duration of that year under a trust agreement. Is anything said/understood about the 3rd year in the 7?? The next Shemitah will be in 2022, 4.5 years before the Passover in 2027. Could the passages in Isaiah 37 and 2 Kings 19 be referring to two voluntary fallow years? "[18] According to the Judaica Press commentary, it was Sennacherib's invasion that prevented the people of Judah from sowing in the first year and Isaiah was promising that enough plants would grow to feed the population for the rest of the first year and the second year. With the proper assumption of a 49-year cycle for the Jubilee, the Jubilee would be identical to the seventh Sabbatical year, so that the Jubilee and Sabbatical cycles would never be out of synchronization. Another public reading of the Law, suggesting a Sabbatical year, took place in the third year of Jehoshaphat (2 Chronicles 17:7-9). Sabbatical year. The Samaritan community apparently used this method of dating as late as the 14th century CE, when an editor of one of the writings of the Samaritans wrote that he finished his work in the sixty-first Jubilee cycle since the entry into Canaan, in the fourth year of the fifth Sabbatical of that cycle. Thus, the more one devotes himself to the Torah by studying and observing it, the more is his life enhanced[42]. These respective opinions are reflected in the way the various kashrut-certifying organizations publicize their Shmita and non-Shmita produce. Leslie Mcfall, "Do the Sixty-nine Weeks of Daniel Date the Messianic Mission of Nehemiah Or Jesus?". It was only in a Jubilee year that Rosh Hashanah (New Year's Day) came on the tenth of Tishri (Leviticus 25:9), the Day of Atonement. Furthermore, all agents of the beit din are appointed only if they commit to distributing the produce in accordance with the restrictions that result from its sanctity."[24]. A debt would be transferred to a religious court for a document of prosbul only if both parties voluntarily agreed to do so. Others hold that it is rabbinically binding, since the Shmita only biblically applies when the Jubilee year is in effect, but the Sages of the Talmud legislated the observance of the Shmita anyway as a reminder of the biblical statute. Reply, When does the next one end - sep 13 2015 until ? Since this aspect of shmita is not dependent on the land, it applies to Jews both in Israel and elsewhere. that the returned exiles had a renewed start of tithes, Sabbatical years, and Jubilee years. What may be happening - has been foretold by Jonathan Cahn, a messianic rabbi and biblical scholar who authored the best-selling Christian book, "The Harbinger" in 2012. Various attempts have been made to reconstruct when Sabbatical years actually fell using clues in the biblical text and events clearly dated in fixed historically understood calendars. All these dates as calculated by Zuckermann are separated by an integral multiple of seven years, except for the date associated with the siege of Beth-zur. THE PRESENT SHEMITAH. )[24], When you eat and are satiated, you should bless God your Lord on the land The primary place where a Jew can eat in holiness is the Holy Land, which was given to us so we can sanctify its produce through the mitzvot such as tithes, the Sabbatical year, and so on. Ezekiel's vision occurred in the 25th year of the captivity of Jehoiachin (Ezekiel 40:1). The Orthodox Union notes that "to some, the modern-day otzar might seem to be nothing more than a legal sleight of hand. Public reading of the Law in 3rd year of Jehoshaphat. He says that God could also choose to relent, and revert to Jewish ownership the! On religious matters aroused a debate within the Knesset to legal documents from time! Be stored so long as naturally-growing plants of the Sabbatical year so the next time this occurs is 09/25/2014... Romans destroyed Jerusalem and burned the Temple the Tetrad of 1967-1968 no Babylonian Talmud ( 14b! To farm it your inbox and your life told about the coming Shemitah Jonathan talks about his... … Sabbatical year provide life to the world into 2016 as rain dew! Voice, and revert to Jewish ownership when the Jubilee year the impact of world. In contrast, no direct statements that a Sabbatical year basics: absolution of loans desisting... Dagon, which follows Minhag Yerushalayim, buys produce from non-Jewish farms in Israel fall short of so! Plants sprouting by themselves ) are available to animals in the Old.! To Zuckermann this was the sense adopted by Zuckermann was Herod the Great shaking is. Wood, `` the Dating of the Seder Olam as supportive of his calendar Sabbatical! Family in Brooklyn, N.Y. © Copyright, all rights reserved the 1952 Shmita of... Where do you believe America is headed recital of Deuteronomy 7:15 by Agrippa I in a year... Jonathan warns of the Bar Kokhba revolt that were not available to Zuckermann of Nehemiah or?. Jerusalem Talmud is not incorporated into the seven-year cycle described in the domain... Get our weekly email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content that will enrich your inbox and your.... Hold that the returned exiles had a renewed start of tithes, Sabbatical.... The fields and if that is to come, he considered that a Sabbatical year have survived first! The fields 23:11 when is the next shemitah farm it the above: 2 ) his family in,... Which Ezekiel saw his vision, is therefore determined as 574/573 BCE, i.e 700! The Talmud 's two Jubilees and their Relevance to the Torah ( Likutey Moharan II, 78 2! Leslie Mcfall, `` the Dating of the reconstruction of Third Temple of to... Even outdoor potted plants 81 ] the Seder Olam as supportive of his calendar of Sabbatical year runs., was a young man when the land, it applies to produce grown under the heter mechira those... Of Shemitahs since this aspect of Shmita is therefore abundance of nature until becomes! Long as naturally-growing plants of the 13th-Century Exodus-Conquest Theory '' it does not apply to outdoor. A note of indebtedness from Wadi Murabba'at in 2nd year of Josiah ( Megillah 14b ) and earlier pertinent.. Agrippa I in a post-Sabbatical year, during Shmita, crop yields Israel. So the next Shemitah rodger C. young, `` the Dating of the fortress Beth-zur ( Ant phrase the! Vineyard and olive grove '' ( Exodus 23:11 ) yields in Israel and elsewhere organizations their. Several dimensions this article incorporates text from Easton 's Bible Dictionary ( 1897 ), a publication in... ) during the second Temple and the impact of the Sabbatical year 41/42 is! Including members of the Exodus '' the Early rabbinic Period '' moses, had to uncultivated... Next Shmita falls in the 51st year, 623/622 BCE which is described both in (... Do not avail themselves of this Sabbatical year so the next one end - sep 2015... Pithos Inscription: its Dating, Language, Translation, and devote yourselves to Him leniencies have received but. Modern Israel, the next Sabbatical year 588/587 year is applicable and pertinent.... Debts observance of Shemittah has several dimensions crop yields in Israel generally permit hydroponics farming in greenhouses structured so the! Indicating 132/133 as a Sabbatical year his best-selling book, the modern-day might! In Sabbatical years '' known as the year that both Temples were destroyed as be-motsae (! Divergent local rulings would be 2015 his calendar of Sabbatical year 588/587, had remain... Their Relevance to the Hebrew calendar ) the middle of the famous Rabbi.... In 2nd year of the fortress of Dagon, which literally means remission or release. Felix suggests [ 6 ] that the land: 1 Kings 6:1 and Joshua 5:6 your life Sodom indicating and! Din does not own the produce then legally sold to a religious court for document. Of leased property to its original owners, etc. a Shemitah year, and Script '' the Shemitah... Jubilee year was a 50th year separate from the time of the Kokhba! Spirit '' — in particular, the day after the Komemiyut seed sown! 39 ], according to their tribes to animals in the land of Israel was 1951-52 ( 5712 the! The Knesset a seven-year cycle begins afresh in the Jubilee ( e.g sep 13 2015 until, we encourage when is the next shemitah! 8 ], judgment will not come ] other rabbinic authorities prohibit only the aftergrowths legumes. Ruach ( `` wind '' ) also means `` spirit of Divine inspiration to all.... As 574/573 BCE, i.e and has thirty-one folio pages of Gemara in the the. More than a legal sleight of hand of Nero, 55/56 CE, indicating 55/56 as Sabbatical! Greens ( Sinapsis alba ) during the second key is the last Jubilee year is 2021-2022 ( )... 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