This site is also protected by an SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) certificate that’s been signed by the U.S. government. The base of the elytra has numerous short processes (tubercles) called granulae, a morphological character that may help to differentiate CLHB from the Asian longhorned beetle, Anoplophora glabripennis. Native to China, the Asian long-horned beetle causes severe damage to America's trees. The male's antennae are approximately twice as long as the body when compared to the female's antennae which are only slightly longer than the body. As compared to the younger trees, older trees with larger trunk diameters are able to sustain more damage. USDA. Both adults and larvae are exposed to insecticides when treated by tree injection. … In Japan, studies demonstrated adult mortality of 46 to 100% when sheets of polyurethane forms impregnated with Beauveria brongniartii were wrapped around the lower portion of the trunk or hung from the crotch (CABI 2004). The section below contains highly relevant resources for this species, organized by source. The beetle, Acalolepta aesthetica , is believed to have been accidentally introduced through imported commodities from the Queensland region of Australia. The https:// means all transmitted data is encrypted — in other words, any information or browsing history that you provide is transmitted securely. The Washington State Department o… However, it attacks a wide range of trees and shrubs in 26 different families and more than 40 genera. Haack R A, Hérard F, Sun J, & Turgeon JJ (2010) Managing invasive populations of Asian longhorned beetle and citrus longhorned beetle: a worldwide perspective. (Gyeltshen and Hodges 2005) Thomas MC. Citrus longhorned beetles found in Tukwila. Its primary hosts include, lime/lemon/oranges/tangor (Citrus), trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata), apple (Malus pumila), Australian pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), poplars (Populus), and willows (Salix) (CABI 2004). Your local Cooperative Extension Service can also assist you with identification questions. 2002. Field sanitation including cutting and burning/chipping of infested plant parts can eliminate immature stages. It is a pest of major concern for citrus growers in parts of China. CLHB takes approximately one year to complete its development (CABI 2004, Lieu 1945). Since then, eradication measures were taken and quarantine regulations imposed. Later instar larvae have stronger mouthparts and are able to burrow deep into the wood and create irregular tunnels that interfere with the water and nutrient transportation resulting in rapid tree decline. The young larva hatches out in one to three weeks and initially feed on the green, sappy portion of the inner bark. Since eggs are laid under the bark at the base of the trunk, wire nettings or spiral guards at the trunk base can serve as physical barrier for female oviposition. Not only are greenbelts, urban landscapes and backyard trees at jeopardy, but also orchards, forests, and endangered salmon, and wildlife habitat. In North America, except for interceptions at various ports of entry, there were no records of established populations until local infestations were detected for the first time in Tukwila, Washington on maple trees (Acer) imported from Korea (Grob 2003, Lingafelter and Hoebeke 2002). The genus is the Anoplophora of the longhorn, the Cerambycidae is the family. Anonymous. The citrus long-horned beetle (Anoplophora chinensis) is a long-horned beetle native to Japan, China and Korea, where it is considered a serious pest. Sun, and J.J. Turgeon. Another difference between males and females is antennal size. Citrus longhorned beetle. European Network on Invasive Alien Species. The beetle chews its way into hardwood trees to lay eggs. Citrus longhorned beetle eradication project: Tree injection: Another weapon against the Citrus longhorned beetle. P: (208) 332-8500 info@isda.idaho.gov M – F; 8 am – 5 pm 2270 Old Penitentiary Road, Boise, ID 83712 Mailing Address P.O. 2015). Michigan, food host plants for this insect are present in urban landscapes, orchards, hardwood forests, and riparian habitats. Image 1263008 is of citrus longhorned beetle (Anoplophora chinensis ) adult(s). It is invasive outside its native range. Once established, it can be extremely difficult and expensive to eradicate. Figure 2. EDIS, (12). Its primary hosts include, lime/lemon/oranges/tangor (Citrus), trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata), apple (Malus pumila), Australian pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), poplars (Populus), and willows (Salix) (CABI 2004). Longhorned Beetle Quarantine Language (adopted April 17, 2002). Biological control. (Gyeltshen and Hodges 2005). Electronic Data Information Source Publication #ENY357 (IN633). This sheet compares other commonly seen insects with the exotic longhorned beetles. In China, predation by the weaver/red ants, Oecophylla smaragdina (Fab.) The Asian Longhorned Beetle (Anoplophora glabripennis, or ALB) is a threat to America's hardwood trees. Citrus longhorned beetle. This feeding effectively cuts off the tree's food supply and starves it to the point of death. http://www.ci.tukwila.wa.us/beetle.htm (20 July 2018). Attacked trees will eventually die. Washington Invasive Species Council. The following are other scientific names used for Anoplophora chinensis by earlier workers (Lingafelter and Hoebeke 2002, CABI 2004). 2015. Integrated Pest Management Program. Beetles can be easily mistaken for cockroaches or true bugs. The pathogenic fungi Beauveria brongniartii (Sacc.) It is a pest of major concern for citrus growers in parts of China. 2010. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on a .gov or .mil site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar. (2004). The beetle is targeted for eradication in the United States. The tree injection has been a successful component of the Asian longhorned beetle eradication program and imidacloprid was recommended for use during the eradication program for CLHB (WSDA 2002, Anonymous 2002b). Asian long-horned beetle is native to eastern Asia, primarily in eastern China and Korea. CPHST. Citrus (Anoplophora chinenses), Asian (Anoplophora glabripennis), and red-necked (Aromia bungii) long-horned beetles are large beetles whose larvae feed on and in the wood of trees. Citrus longhorn beetle can attack a very wide range of deciduous tree and shrub species, including several species native to the UK. When mature, they are 1.75-2.3 in. An interception of citrus longhorned beetle in Wisconsin has also occurred (Chambers 2002). The Asian longhorned beetle (ALB), Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky), and citrus longhorned beetle (CLB), Anoplophora chinensis (Forster)(Coleoptera: Cerambycidae), are polyphagous xylophages native to Asia and are capable of killing healthy trees. However, it attacks a wide range of trees and shrubs in 26 different families and more than 40 genera. Pupa: The pupa is 27 to 38 mm (1 to 1.5 inch) long; it has elytra that only partially covers the membranous hind wings and curves around to the ventral surface of the body. prevented the need for chemical control (Lieu 1945, Yang 1984). Adults are most commonly seen on foliage, but larvae cause the most damage. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. Examination of the damage raised suspicions that up to five beetles had escaped. CLHB larvae are most susceptible to natural enemies in the early larval instar stage, or approximately the first two months of development. Citrus long-horned beetles are considered to be very destructive and a grave threat to their hosts. Unlike many other native borer pests that primarily attack dead trees, CLHB attacks apparently healthy trees (Chambers 2002). Annual Review of Entomology 55:521-546. Forestry Commission (United Kingdom). The Washington State Department of Agriculture declared the following genera (species) of plants as potential hosts for CLHB (Anonymous 2002a): maples (Acer), silk tree (Albizzia), alders (Alnus), birch (Betula), Camellia, hickory/pecan (Carya), chestnut (Castanea), Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria), wild olive (Elaeagnus), loquat (Eriobotrya japonica), beech (Fagus), fig (Ficus), 'Nagami' kumquat (Fortunella marginata), ash (Fraxinus), mallow (Hibiscus), holly (Ilex), walnut (Juglans), spicebush (Lindera), amur (Maackia), mulberry (Morus), Photinia, sycamore/plane tree (Platanus), trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata), poplars (Populus), cherry/peach/apricot/plum (Prunus), firethorn (Pyracantha), pears (Pyrus), oaks (Quercus), sumac (Rhus), locust (Robinia), rose (Rosa), blackberry/raspberry (Rubus), willows (Salix), pagoda tee (Sophora), Stransvaesia, snowbell tree (Styrax), and elm (Ulmus). Other signs include round holes on the trunk of a tree, exposed roots and sawdust-like frass or wood pulp around exit holes at the tree’s base. While other borer pests usually attack unhealthy or dead plants, this pest will attack apparently healthy trees. In . During the summer months, there can be as many as 45,000 (2005). 2005. Haack, R.A., F. Hérard, J. Pests and Diseases Image Library. The genus Anoplophora was most recently revised by Lingafelter and Hoebeke (2002). Hansen L, Xu T, Wickham J, Chen Y, Hao D, Hanks, LM, Millar JG, Teale SA. As of 2005 there were no reports of new infestation (2005 Updates). The first infestation of citrus longhorned beetles was discovered in 2001 on quarantined, imported maple trees in a plant nursery in Tukwila, Washington (Anonymous, 2002). Washington's tree slayer: The citrus longhorned beetle. Lieu KOV. Or if you prefer to make a report by phone, call 1-866-702-9938 or visit our contact page for local office numbers. Plant Protection and Quarantine. Each female citrus long-horned beetle can make up to 200 eggs after mating, and each egg is separately deposited in tree bark. WSDA. Synonyms for the citrus long-horned beetle include Anoplophora malaisica. The anteriorly and posteriorly narrowed pronotum has a pair of stout spines extending from its sides. Michigan State University. Monitoring and reporting. HAVE YOU SEEN THE BEETLE OR SIGNS OF DAMAGE? The citrus long-horned beetle (Anoplophora chinensis) is a long-horned beetle native to Japan, China and Korea, where it is considered a serious pest. Priority Species: Citrus, Asian, and Red-Necked Longhorned Beetles. Citrus longhorned beetle (CLB), citrus-root cerambycid, rough-shouldered longhorned beetle. Its primary hosts include, lime/lemon/oranges/tangor (Citrus), trifoliate orange (Poncirus trifoliata), apple (Malus pumila), Australian pine (Casuarina equisetifolia), poplars (Populus), and willows (Salix) (CABI 2004). They are extremely destructive to hardwood trees. The citrus longhorned beetle potentially represents a greater threat than its more famous cousinthe citrus is known to attack 40 additional species of trees and shrubs. University of Florida. (No longer available online). They are known to attack healthy hardwood trees, including pecan, apple, pine, oak, and willow, making them a bigger threat than other beetles that primarily attack dead trees. is known to cause high adult mortality. Larva: The legless larva, which is 5 mm (0.2 inch) long at the time of hatching, grows to a size of 52 mm (2 inch). In its native range, A. glabripennis primarily infests plants like maple, poplar, willow, and elm trees. The study of wood borers in China -- I: Biology and control of the citrus-root-cerambycids, Lingafelter SW, Hoebeke ER. Read this Animal Crossing: New Horizons Switch (ACNH) Guide on Citrus long-horned beetle. (2.5-3.8 cm) long and shiny black with white m… Chambers B. Adults are 1–1.5 in. Citrus Longhorned Beetle Every year the Washington State Department of Agriculture’s (WSDA) Pest Program conducts a number of surveys (detection programs). Figure 1. Natural control. See also: Pest Threats for more fact sheets. The beetle can launch itself as far as 400 meters, in search for a tree to lay eggs in. It is a pest of major concern for citrus growers in parts of China. If you think you've seen the beetle or signs of infestation, please complete the form below. Citrus longhorned beetle . Adult: The beetle is large, stout, and approximately 21 to 37 mm (~1 - 1.5 inch) long with shiny black elytra marked with 10 to 12 white round spots (Lingafelter and Hoebeke 2002). The citrus longhorned beetle (CLB), Anoplophora chinensis (Forster), and the Asian longhorned beetle (ALB), Anoplophora glabripennis (Motschulsky), are destructive polyphagous wood boring pests and are quarantine pests for the United States. Washington Invasive Species Council. 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